The melons origins are somewhat imprecise, some authors state that the melon originated in Central Asia, while others say that its origins lay in the African continent.

The melon fruit (better known as cantaloupe or musk melon) is 80% water and the few calories that it contains is due to it moderate sugar content. The amount of beta-carotene that the fruit contains depends on the intensity of its orange flesh. The melon has significant quantities of potassium, magnesium and calcium.

Vitamin C acts as an antioxidant, as well as beta-carotene. Vitamin C is involved in the formation of collagen, bones and teeth, and red blood cells, it also favors the absorption of iron from foods, in addition to resisting infection. Beta-carotene is transformed into vitamin A in the body, which is important for sight, healthy skin, hair and bones, and aids in the functioning of the immunological system. Potassium is necessary for the transmission and generation of nerve impulses, as well as normal muscular activity and maintenance of water equilibrium inside and outside of the cell. Magnesium is related to the functioning of intestines (creating a light laxative effect), nerves and muscles, it makes up bone structure, and improves immunity.

The melon (cantaloupe) is one of the fruits richest in sodium (10 milligrams/100 grams of fruit, as compared to 4 milligrams/100 grams in most fruits).